Timeline

Events and people in over 260,000 days of history

17th century
27 January 1601

A bolt of lightning strikes the lantern on the dome, causing the bronze ball and its cross to plummet to the ground. A new ball is installed on 21 October 1602.

September 1607

Master of the works Alessandro Allori dies.

1635

The Accademia delle Arti del Disegno submits a design for the façade to Grand Duke Ferdinando II.

1636-39

Gherardo Silvani and Giovanni Battista Pieratti supervise work on the cathedral façade on the basis of the Accademia del Disegno's design. Doubts regarding its stability prompt Grand Duke Ferdinando II to suspend the work after three years.

20 June 1661

A second temporary façade painted on canvas is erected to mark Grand Prince Cosimo de' Medici's wedding with Marguerite Louise de Bourbon.

1680

The Canons' Library, founded as the public library of Santa Maria del Fiore in 1448, is closed to allow the Metropolitan Chapter to occupy the former church of San Pietro in Celoro. The library's collection of manuscripts, incunabula and other printed material is moved to the residence of the Opera del Duomo.

28-30 September 1685

The body of St. Zenobius is solemnly displayed in the cathedral.

1688

The choir lofts of Luca della Robbia and Donatello are dismantled and removed in preparation for Grand Prince Ferdinando de' Medici's wedding with Violante Beatrice of Bavaria.

9 January 1689

Grand Duke Cosimo III orders the erection of a third temporary façade, made of bricks plastered and frescoed by Ercole Graziani, in preparation for Grand Prince Ferdinando de' Medici's wedding with Violante Beatrice of Bavaria.

23 August 1689

A bolt of lightning strikes the marble cladding of the lantern on the dome.

18th century