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The "Fabbriceria della Cattedrale di Firenze", or Florence Cathedral Works, was founded by the Florentine Republic in 1296 to oversee construction of the cathedral. Tradition has it that the foundation stone of the new cathedral was laid under the watchful gaze of Arnolfo di Cambio on 8 September of that year.

Over seven hundred years after its foundation, the Opera di Santa Maria del Fiore, as it is known today, is still actively engaged in preserving and enhancing the monuments comprising the Great Museum of the Duomo: the Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore with Brunelleschi's Dome and the crypt of Santa Reparata, the Baptistry of San Giovanni, Giotto's bell tower and the Historical Museum.

Single ticket

A single ticket for one big museum. The ticket admits the holder to all the monuments in the Complex of Santa Maria del Fiore: Brunelleschi's Dome, Giotto's Bell Tower, the Baptistry of San Giovanni, the Crypt of Santa Reparata inside Florence Cathedral, and the Historical Museum.

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Opera Magazine sets out to illustrate Opera's philosophy and to provide information on the artists and events that have forged its history since 1296: the details, figures and stories behind the monuments and masterpieces in Piazza Duomo.

Andrea Pisano is appointed master of the works. He focuses on the bell tower, which was begun under Giotto and which he takes up to the fourth level. Andrea and his assistants (Maso di Banco, Nino Pisano, Alberto Arnoldi, Gino Micheli da Castello and others) produce 21 of the 26 hexagonal panels for the lower level, all of the lozenge-shaped panels for the second level, and the eight statues for the west and south sides of the tower. Those on the west side were moved to the north side in 1464.
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